Scheduled to take place in Seoul from March 26 to 27, 2012, the “2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit” will discuss issues such as cooperative measures to combat the threat of nuclear terrorism; protection of nuclear materials and related facilities; and prevention of illicit trafficking of nuclear materials. Around 50 heads of state from countries such as the U.S., China, Russia, Japan, Australia, India, Brazil, Israel, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, the European Union, and more, as well as officials from the UN and IAEA, are expected to participate in the discussions.
The Nuclear Threat Initiative’s (NTI) Nuclear Material Security Index notes that there is no global consensus about what steps matter most in achieving nuclear security. Rodrigo V. Alvarez, an international partner of the Fissile Materials Working Group (FMWG), said in a report that the Seoul Nuclear Security Summit in March will be a critical opportunity for states to improve global cooperation on nuclear terrorism prevention.
“Given that international terrorist networks move, communicate, and operate across international borders, all nations need to join together to ensure that there are no gaps in global nuclear security,” Alvarez said.
The security of nuclear materials and facilities is seen as a national reasonability. And, most countries believe that it’s the duty of each country to adopt a secure policy that strengthens security of nuclear materials and the facilities. There is, however, considerable scope for international cooperation to strengthen nuclear security objectives and standards, according to summit’s organizers. At their website, the summit’s organizers said that the main objective of the Nuclear Summit process has been to “focus high-level global attention on the threat posed by nuclear terrorism and the measures required to address the global challenge of preventing terrorists and other non-state actors from gaining access to sensitive nuclear materials, technology and information.”